Sign in →

Test Code EMA Endomysial Antibodies (IgA), Serum


Advisory Information


Cascade testing is recommended for celiac disease. Cascade testing ensures that testing proceeds in an algorithmic fashion. The following cascades are available; select the appropriate one for your specific patient situation.

-CDCOM / Celiac Disease Comprehensive Cascade: complete testing including HLA DQ

-CDSP / Celiac Disease Serology Cascade: complete testing excluding HLA DQ

-CDGF / Celiac Disease Gluten-Free Cascade: for patients already adhering to a gluten-free diet

To order individual tests, see Celiac Disease Diagnostic Testing Algorithm in Special Instructions.



Specimen Required


Container/Tube: 

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red Top

Specimen Volume: 2 mL


Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Gastroenterology and Hepatology Client Test Request (T728) with the specimen.

Secondary ID

9360

Useful For

Diagnosis of dermatitis herpetiformis and celiac disease

 

Monitoring adherence to gluten-free diet in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis and celiac disease

 

Because of the high specificity of endomysial antibodies for celiac disease, the test may obviate the need for multiple small bowel biopsies to verify the diagnosis. This may be particularly advantageous in the pediatric population, including the evaluation of children with failure to thrive.

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
EMAT EMA Titer, S (IgA) No No

Testing Algorithm

If EMA / Endomysial Antibodies (IgA), Serum is positive or indeterminate, EMAT / Endomysial (IgA), Titer, Serum will be performed at an additional charge.

 

The following algorithms are available in Special Instructions:

-Celiac Disease Comprehensive Cascade

-Celiac Disease Diagnostic Testing Algorithm

-Celiac Disease Gluten-Free Cascade

-Celiac Disease Routine Treatment Monitoring Algorithm

-Celiac Disease Serology Cascade

Method Name

Staining of Rhesus Monkey Esophagus Substrate by Indirect Immunofluorescence Assay (IFA) for IgA Endomysial Antibodies (EMA)

Reporting Name

Endomysial Abs, S (IgA)

Specimen Type

Serum

Specimen Minimum Volume

Adults: 1 mL
Pediatric: 0.5 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
  Frozen  30 days
  Ambient  14 days

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus Reject

Reference Values

Negative in normal individuals; also negative in dermatitis herpetiformis or celiac disease patients adhering to gluten-free diet.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 7 a.m.-5 p.m.

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test has been modified from the manufacturer's instructions. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

86255-screen

86256-titer (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
EMA Endomysial Abs, S (IgA) 46126-9

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
9360 Endomysial Ab 46126-9